While escorting a convoy to North Africa, Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Urge; repairs lasted until Spring, 1942. [17], Littorio's design speed was 29 kn (33 mph; 54 km/h) at full-load. The largest and most powerful warships ever built in Italy, the battleships of the Littorio class, were the first "35,000 tonners" to come under the provisions of the Washington Treaty. February 20, 2021 [3] This would have allowed the Italian fleet to keep at least two units operational at any given time. 15 in Italian battleship Littorio at La Spezia, early summer 1943. However, the ship did not have good AA capabilities to efficiently counteract airstrikes. She was sponsored by Signora Teresa Ballerino Cabella, the wife on an Ansaldo employee. This is an injection-plastic ship model kit. International Naval Research Organization, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Littorio-class_battleship&oldid=1007694593, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 4,580 nautical miles (8,480 km) at 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph), Standard: 40,724 t (40,081 long tons; 44,891 short tons), Full load: 45,236 t (44,522 long tons; 49,864 short tons), This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 12:58. 41 design as the basis for the Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleships they laid down in the late 1930s. The British follow-up convoy was much better defended and when the Italian fleet sortied on the 27 November to intercept it they were met with a covering force including two British battleships an… Two were placed abreast the No. On 3 January 1942, Littorio was again tasked with convoy escort, in support of M 43. The digital art may be purchased as wall art, home decor, apparel, phone cases, greeting cards, and more. The ship was dry-docked on 11 December, with repairs completed by 11 March 1941. The joints failed even in cases of non-contact explosions; this prevented the hollow drum from collapsing as designed and resulted in massive flooding. Nov 15, 2019 - Explore Sam Stewart's board "Italian battleships" on Pinterest. Littorio became the lead ship of the class which included sisters Vittorio Veneto, Impero and Roma. Littorio was then renamed Italia. An evolution of the original larger design proposals for the Littorio class armed with 16 inch guns (M1936/39), which were still being updated after the Littorios' launch as a potential follow-up with improved AA, torpedo protection and machinery as response to future British and French battleship plans. On 30 July 1943, after the fall of Benito Mussolini, Littorio was renamed Italia. Littorio was a Littorio-class battleship that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. The barbettes were 350 mm (14 in) above the upper deck and 280 mm (11 in) below deck. During this attack Italia was hit on the starboard side underneath her fore main turrets, while its sister ship, the Italian flagship Roma, was sunk after it was struck by two bombs. Littorio class. An internal 200 mm (7.9 in) armored tube protected important electrical cables and pipes for hydraulic systems. RN Roma Wooden deck set 1943 Trumpeter Pontos Model 1:350 35023WD1 + Actions Stash. [13] On sea trials, both Littorio and Vittorio Veneto exceeded the design specifications for their power plant. [46] Shortly thereafter, on 13 December, Littorio escorted another convoy to North Africa. Repairs were completed and on 12 December, both ships were moved from Taranto to La Spezia in response to the Allied landings in North Africa. (1985). Bagnasco, Erminio; de Toro, Augusto (2010). The third ship of the Littorio class, Roma displaced 42,000 tons, could make 32 knots, and carried nine Roma's displacement increased slightly as compared to the other ships, to 40,992 t (40,345 long tons; 45,186 short tons) and 45,485 t (44,767 long tons; 50,139 short tons), respectively. The London Naval Treaty of 1930 extended the building holiday to 1936, though Italy and France retained the right to build 70,000 tons of new capital ships. Wooden Deck Masking for Trumpeter 05319 Italian Battleship Littorio 1941 Never Set Model 1:350 CY350059 . Regardless, the Soviet Navy did not use the U.P. [15] After launch, the fitting out period lasted until early 1940. The first two ships, Littorio and Vittorio Veneto, were operational by the early months of Italy's participation in World War II. [14] Changes to the design and a lack of armor plating led to delays in the building schedule, causing a three-month slip in the launch date from the original plan of May 1937. They formed the backbone of the Italian fleet, and conducted several sorties into the Mediterranean to intercept British convoys, though without any notable success. Qty. [18] The 824.3 kg (1,817 lb) semi-armor piercing shells formed the secondary ammunition of the 381mm/50, which had a 29.51 kg (65.1 lb) bursting charge. Littorio was the second of the class to be launched, about a month after the Vittorio Veneto, and was commissioned 6 May 1940, eight days after her sister. The Battleship Littorio-class-page contains all related products, articles, books, walkarounds and plastic scale modeling projects dedicated to this ship. Although high explosive shells weighing 774 kg (1,706 lb) were developed for the 381 mm guns, they never saw service on the Littorio-class. Three months later, on 15 June, Littorio participated in the interception of the Vigorous convoy to Malta. Two hit Roma; one passed through the ship and exploded under her keel, and the second hit near the forward magazines. [14], The system did not perform as effectively as expected, however. [43] Germany pressured the Italian Navy to begin the operation, under the impression that they had disabled two of the three battleships assigned to the British Mediterranean Fleet. [14] Below the third deck, neither the primary nor secondary barbettes were protected by armor. [36] Impero was laid down at the Ansaldo shipyard on 14 May 1938. Combat was limited to the opposing light forces, and Littorio and Vittorio Veneto did not see action; the British nevertheless broke off Operation Vigorous due to the battleships' presence and heavy air attacks. They returned to port without encountering any British forces, however. The Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces took place on 8 September, along with the rest of the Italian fleet she was formally surrendered to the Allies on the following day. The ability of the drum to absorb explosive shock correspondingly fell in relation to its size. [13] The 90 mm guns provided long-range anti-aircraft protection, and were mounted in quadriaxially stabilized single turrets. [17] However, this was reduced to 850 m/s (2,789 ft/s) in order to reduce dispersion and increase barrel service life. In September 1943, Italy capitulated and signed an Armistice with the Allies. The two fleets did not make contact, however, and the Italians returned to port. [34], The keels for Vittorio Veneto and Littorio were laid on the same day, 28 October 1934, at the Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico shipyard in Trieste and the Ansaldo shipyard in Genoa, respectively. [15] The ships were equipped with three Ro.43 reconnaissance seaplanes or navalized Re.2000 fighters. Join us … The two ships were repeatedly torpedoed throughout their careers: Littorio was hit by a torpedo during the attack on Taranto in November 1940 and again in June 1942; Vittorio Veneto was torpedoed during the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941 and while escorting a convoy to North Africa in September 1941. In comparison, the French. The largest and most powerful warships ever built in Italy, the battleships of the Littorio class, were the first “35,000 tonners” to come under the provisions of the Washington Treaty. The guns' rate of fire was one shot every 45 seconds. [13] The 381 mm guns had a maximum elevation of 35 degrees, which allowed them to engage targets out to 42,260 m (46,220 yd). [4] Protection and radius of action were sacrificed for speed and heavy armament, though the Italians did not value range, as they operated primarily in the confined waters of the Mediterranean. Italian ship BB LIttorio on November 12, 1940, after Taranto attack (P00090.091).jpg 1,567 × 864; 110 KB Littorio-11-November-1940.svg 4,000 × 1,700; 130 KB Vittorio Veneto and Littorio during WW2.jpg 945 × 584; 59 KB See more ideas about battleship, warship, navy ships. [50], In 1939, Spain's General Francisco Franco briefly considered a naval building program after seizing power in the Spanish Civil War. [15], The ships' propulsion system consisted of four Belluzzo geared steam turbines powered by eight oil-fired Yarrow boilers. [19] A similar outcome resulted from the movement against British Operation "MB.5" on 29 September - 1 October.[20]. [32] The 90-mm heavy anti-aircraft mounts were protected by 12–40 mm (0.47–1.57 in) shield and barbette plating. [30][14], The weather deck over the citadel consists of 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor over 9 mm (0.35 in) plating;[30] the main armor deck varied depending on the space it was protecting. While her sister was being repaired, she took over flagship duties and was transferred to Naples. Littorio was the victim of several Allied aerial attacks throughout her career, the worst of which was the British air raid on the Italian fleet at Taranto on 11 November 1940, which put her out of action until the following March. This operation resulted in the First Battle of Sirte, which ended inconclusively. All products are produced on-demand and shipped worldwide within 2 - 3 business days. On 26 September, the two battleships attempted to intercept the Operation Halberd convoy, but they broke off the operation without attacking the convoy. All four ships had a draft of 9.6 m (31 ft) and a beam of 32.82 m (107.7 ft). The class was composed of four ships—Littorio, Vittorio Veneto, Roma, and Impero—but only the first three ships of the class were completed. In addition, the Roma began its construction in 1938 and entered service in 1942. [20][Note 2] Their ammunition load was 495 AP shells and 171 SAP shells, with 4,320 propellant charges (666 rounds total, or 74 rounds per gun split 55 AP & 19 SAP). Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships Dunkerque and Strasbourg. [49], Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta, where they remained until 14 September, when they were transferred to Alexandria. She was in Taranto harbor during the Battle of Taranto on 11 November, during which she received three torpedo hits, which caused extensive damage requiring five months repairs. The 250 mm "Cellulite" accomplished the same task as a 600mm void. [40], Repairs to Vittorio Veneto were completed in time for her to join Littorio on attacks on the convoys Vigorous and Harpoon, which had departed Alexandria and Gibraltar to reinforce Malta simultaneously in mid-June. [1] France, which was given parity with Italy, also possessed 70,000 tons of capital ship tonnage. [42], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto had both returned to active duty by August 1941, and on the 22nd the two ships sortied to attack a convoy. She provided distant cover to another convoy on 3–6 January 1942. The incomplete Impero had meanwhile been seized by the retreating Germans in 1943, who used her as a target, until she was sunk by American bombers on 20 February 1945. On 22 March, she participated in the Second Battle of Sirte, as the flagship for an Italian force attempting to destroy a British convoy bound for Malta. Littorio and her sister Vittorio Veneto were built in response to the French battleships … Littorio reached 137,649 shp (102,645 kW) and 31.3 kn (58.0 km/h; 36.0 mph), while Vittorio Veneto made 133,771 shp (99,753 kW) and 31.4 kn (58.2 km/h; 36.1 mph), both at light loadings. The Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 allotted Italy an additional 70,000 long tons (71,000 t) of total capital ship tonnage, which could be used in 1927–1929, while other powers were observing the "holiday" in battleship construction prescribed by the treaty. [16] The Re.2000 fighter was a wheeled aircraft and had to land on an airfield. This formed a void which housed an empty drum 3,800 mm (150 in) wide with 6 mm (0.24 in) thick walls; the rest of the void was filled with liquid. After completion on 15 May 1940, she went to Taranto to join the fleet. On 14 October 1946, she was moved to La Spezia, paid off on 3 January 1948, and broken up for scrap. The Impero never sa… During this action, which saw the destruction of her sister Roma, Italia herself was hit by a Fritz X radio-controlled bomb, causing light damage to her bow. She was renamed Italia after Benito Mussolini's regime collapsed. [47] Before returning to port, a British Wellington bomber torpedoed the ship. Nevertheless, Italia and Vittorio Veneto reached Malta and were interned. They could elevate to 45 degrees, permitting a maximum range of 25,740 m (28,150 yd). Vittorio Veneto was launched on 22 July 1937, with Littorio following exactly one month later on 22 August. [10], Two additional ships were laid down four years later. Littorio took part in several operational sorties, most of which failed to result in any action, the notable exception being the Second Battle of Sirte, where she damaged several British warships. The Italians did not disclose the specifications of the Pugliese system and instead used a multiple-torpedo bulkhead system. The three active battleships were transferred to Malta before they were to be interned in Alexandria. [16], During service, Littorio's actual range was calculated to be:[8], On 31 August - 2 September 1940, Littorio sortied as part of a large Italian force to oppose British naval forces taking part in Operations Hats and "MB.3", but contact was not made and no action occurred. The system was designed to protect the ship from torpedo warheads up to 350 kg (770 lb). While en route, German bombers laden with Fritz-X radio-guided bombs attacked the formation. [36] In September 1943, following the withdrawal of Italy from the war, all three ships and a significant portion of the Italian fleet left port to be interned in Malta. She was part of the 1938 Naval Expansion Program with Roma. [31] The 152-mm secondary battery turrets were protected by 280 mm (11 in) faces, 80–130 mm (3.1–5.1 in) sides, 80 mm (3.1 in) rear, and 105–150 mm (4.1–5.9 in) roof, while their barbettes were 150 mm (5.9 in) above deck and 100 mm (3.9 in) below deck. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class,[Note 1] was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. Repairs lasted until July. Littorio, Garibaldi Class, Ships - Barrel Set RB Model 1:350 350L29 + [25] Four 120 mm (4.7 in) L/40 guns were mounted on each ship in order to fire illumination rounds. [14] This was due to two major defects in the design. The second is the caliber, ... Our first idea was that it was the same as the Littorio class. This kit of the Littorio shows her as she was in 1941, and can be built as a full-hull or waterline model. Italia was scrapped at La Spezia 1952-54. She was named after the Lictor ("Littorio" in Italian), in ancient times the bearer of the Roman fasces, which was adopted as the symbol of Italian Fascism. [36], Littorio and Vittorio Veneto were declared operational on 2 August 1940, and were assigned to the 9th Division of the 1st Squadron. While returning to port, Littorio was hit by a bomb from an American B-24 Liberator heavy bomber; the bomb struck the forward gun turret, though it did minimal damage. Roma joined the fleet in June 1942, although all three ships remained inactive in La Spezia until June 1943, when all three were damaged in a series of Allied air attacks on the harbor. Roma was built by the CRDA shipyard, starting on 18 September 1938. [35], Vittorio Veneto sortied on 26 November and encountered British forces south of Sardinia. A 36 mm (1.4 in) homogeneous armor plate was placed 1.4 m (4.6 ft) behind the belt, followed 4 m (13 ft) behind by another 24 mm (0.94 in) plate sloped 26º in the opposite direction. [2] They opted for this design because this allowed three ships under the 70,000-ton limit. Italia, Vittorio Veneto, and Impero were broken up for scrap between 1952 and 1954. [6], The Italian Navy decided that the smaller design was impractical, and that a larger design should be pursued. 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