It simply diminishes the reading experience even if extra spaces would divide things more clearly. Ask yourself how many times you’ve seen posts, or memes, from those frustrated over other’s misuse of homophones (e.g. “Use one period of you want, but don’t try to convince the rest of us that it is better or “correct.” It’s not.” Oh, my, that’s almost a compliment! I like two spaces because it gives a clear indication between sentences that can sometimes be lost with the infinitely small period. Thus the grotesque (sans serif) was created. Either way, take the manual work out of it and let the computers do it for us. After the Transitional style the experimentation continued and the contrast was raised even further. This is a moment of increased awareness of the typography while good typography should be invisible. Historically it was preferable to have about 1,5 space after the period. http://dagblog.com/humor-satire/national-grammar-day-well-la-di-da-or-it-dah-16289. One question—when starting a chapter a third to half way down the page, should this be by creating extra double-lined spaces before the chapter number or by creating a style for the chapter number with a big space-before in the paragraph settings? Why does it matter? I just found out I’m not supposed to and am kind of in shock. It is about style, readability, acceptable standards, and, yes, technology. I know someone who leaves a space after punctuation. 534 Likes, 9 Comments - University of Rochester (@urochester) on Instagram: “Rochester graduate Emma Chang ’20 is a classically trained musician. Can't find what you are looking for? Wes Horton W.A. The result — bullshit like this about double spacing. Oh, and no space on either side of an em-dash, please, unless of course you’re typing on a typewriter. . Do you know what is more irritating to me, that you would write such a blog that enables these kids that already don’t get taught well in school now, that this is ok! I’m over 40. I sincerely hope this article didn’t have anything to do with that. and I have a combined 55+yrs of law experience under our belts. Nothing wrong with that necessarily, but to me it was very obvious that the person who made the logo simply did not know the basic principles of type design. Tell me. One of my favorite memories from my days in the classroom revolves around the days when students were working at their desk and I was typing away at mine. And I’m “only” 38, ha ha! In any case, I don’t necessarily see historical use as a good reason to mimic it. I will not give up my two spaces. Single space is arbitrary and has nothing to do with typewriters or better aesthetics. Besides, I submit that it DOES change meaning. (Word tolerates double spaces because it’s word processing software—not typesetting software—and there is a difference.) In the case of those abbreviations, would you say that the completion of the sentence was already reinforced, even though the period, space, and capitalization does not denote the end of the sentence? __And we’re ignoring it because it’s baloney. This type of typeface is beautiful for display purposes, but it’s a strain on the eye if you set extended texts using such a high contrast letter. I would rather think a bit more than getting a headache from reading. A consensus finally coalesced within the past five years or so. One space after the period is wrong wrong WRONG in that situation. may help me with that on the microsoft word 2016 setting? They are bad for the heart!” Then the next year they say, “Eat eggs to help the brain!” “You must listen to the experts, or else!” Over the last few years you have some of these angry people writing articles expressing their disdain of people who aren’t adhering to the official wisdom of the self -proclaimed experts. Perhaps programs such as Scrivener can help with that sort of formatting. In any event, I’m a paralegal at a law office. Spacing was almost always tweaked to justify the text. Also the sentence structure itself hints that the sentence isn’t over at “U.S.”; by itself “Capitol Police Division typewriting pool” would be a sentence fragment. Not cool at all. You also can’t make two spaces the default after a period. No one follows old age rules. Perhaps my typing teacher, was not as given to OCD as yours. On the Indents and Spacing Tab, under the Indentation section, use the Special: drop-down list to select First Line. I’m 31 and do the two spaces. Once in a while I use etc. I’ve also seen it to show scene changes. Most Gen Xers (and all Millennials) learned to type on computers and were taught to leave a single space between sentences. I find it ironic that the example you use in the image at the top of the post should not have a period at all – it should be a semi-colon. I have lived thru both sides of the usage of commas in a series and am just as likely to use the “extra” comma as not. I love you, fellow middle-aged folks, but it’s time we all join the modern age and spend just a little less time leaning on the space bar. As a former slush pile reader, we were ordered to reject any story out of hand that did not match the formatting requirements. Here’s a recommendation: Use the Search and Replace feature of your word processor to find all of the double-spaces after a period and replace them with a single space. Dax, I JUST found this out today while practicing on a typing program I want my 13 year old to learn on. And if style manuals have conceded to this inanity, it’s indulging un-trained and stupid people who we slavishly worship and follow due to their youth. Two spaces after a period does NOT improve readability; it creates rivers of white space that are most annoying. The writer fails to recognize the fact that the extra space at the end of the sentence is placed there because the extra white space helps the reader’s eye to detect the end of a sentence, and helps you to read more smoothly. Took me several years to write it and 20 revisions until I got sick of it but sent it to an editor who said it was so good it should be made into a movie. The language is a living language. I say live and let SPACE! But never mind that. The move to single space was driven mostly by publishers who wanted cheaper publications. In both cases, I find myself continuing to the next sentence before “finishing” the first. While single spaces separate words, I think double spaces should separate sentences, it reinforces that the thought (sentence) is complete. I find your irritation over an extra space irritating enough to point out that it is evidence the author is OLD. It does matter. Stay in touch! An example of such features would be that it automatically inserts each page header information (author/title/incrementing page count), scene breaks with a single function key stroke, new chapter setup with single key stroke, new paragraph setup, etc.? I do agree that double spacing can be bad looking if a paragraph uses justified alignment. Whether they’re aware of what the typographers advise or not, some people still maintain their opinions and it’s usually because they grew up with certain ideals. I agree, the spacing doesn’t cause any actual confusion. I absolutely love the use of em-dashes and semicolons, but the em-dash is actually a very obtrusive element. Then you people need to not only continue using two spaces to make your written communications easier to read, but you need to stop writing articles and essays about how people “need to stop using two spaces.”. We get the premise. It is very easy. I am also SO grateful I learned to type. Indeed there are examples to be found in the books of the incunabula. With Solution Essays, you can get high-quality essays at a lower price. I think this discussion is more than aesthetics. Such a useful skill! Jennifer–i respect your right to use one space. Thank you. What’s the latest anyway, Oh teacher, my teacher, Jennifer? So at the very latest you know the whole thing is to be taken as a sentence by the time you actually reach the comma, not after. This means I experience subtle interruptions after every period, which is actually an extra strain and diminishes reading. I think two spaces is more pleasing to the eye and makes for better reading. Thanks for the laugh, redmac! Second, and implied in the first, the absolutism of your article is just silly. No. Every time I see a double space, my focus increases slightly and it’s actually a strain. I think it simplifies things, what happens if you abbreviate something with a period at the end of the abbreviation, I think there should be a difference between abbreviation and the end of a sentence. A typewriter, not a computer. And I completely agree with you about the piped-in noise in public buildings. Hi! By going through a lengthy process, Word will allow you to choose the number of spaces between sentences when correcting grammar and then you must manually correct by right clicking. My twenty something granddaughter practices the one space rule, when asked why, the answer was that’s just how we text so that’s why. Good to have you here! It makes me shudder to think their answer. Please note that many agents and publishers have a preferred format. His historical point is wrong. Repeated use of improper punctuation and grammar doesn’t make it right. Maybe I’m just arbitrarily stuck to some aspects of tradition. Not cool. I just found this article and read the follow-up article as well. all of them computerized. One thought that occurred to me each time “readability” has been mentioned, is that so many of our local television people are unable make appropriate breaks as they are reading from a prompter. There’s nothing like editing free speach and opinions! So the period ending a sentence with an abbrev. That shows commitment and professionalism. See http://www.heracliteanriver.com/?p=324, an article written by someone who actually looked at historical typesetting guides to verify whether typewriters changed the rules. Whatever (now there’s a current accepted usage that you should vent your Usage and Style rage on). You could have used as many spaces as you cared to, websites will only display one, though. I learned to type in middle school on a computer and was told to double space. “But to elevate aesthetics, as practiced by magazine publishers, above clear expression again seems unworthy of a person teaching pedagogy.” Huh. I believe that for non-justified alignment (left aligned), double spaces look better. Older people can be guilty of condescension; younger people believe that “old people” have no value. I fear that the design rule of going to one space is too great a bow to the culture of increasingly succinct communication as well as perhaps not recognizing ergonomics. But I found this topic so interesting that I could not resist! Do you know how they feel about it? I am also finding it ironic that as I am using the dictation mode to write this post, it is throwing in double spaces that I am, naturally, going back and fixing. I find it positively laughable how bent out of shape some people are getting about this topic. Pupu is a selection of snacks served on a platter in a Chinese restaurant. Thank you. I want it to be right! Ok. It’s like this – It’s a great question. How do i show the letters and emails….indent? Yikes!! The only exception I can think of is to divide the numbers in a date notation. I used to swear by serif fonts from having learned in a desktop publishing class that they’re more easily read. I had to right macros to literally take the ‘L’ out of their documents to make anything they created usable. We enter the Renaissance, which is a period of rational thinking and so you will see a lot of standardization in this period. “Occasional” being the key word there. So, I’ll keep doing it my way, but that you. The history you’ve printed here is made up. I can still code and actually have an advantage there compared to my classmates at the art academy since most of them have yet to learn coding. Dayum. Most often submissions will be requested in Microsoft Word format. I will admit I still think it’s easier to read copy with two spaces between sentences, but I will nonetheless try to get with the program. I appreciate your contribution here. Can you clarify something for me. If a scientist submits a research summary for a New England Journal of Medicine publication and writes “John Hopkins” instead of “Johns Hopkins,” I’m pretty sure no one would be confused about which institution is being referred to. I can and will teach my teachers to teach their students this new age rule but man, I’m not sure I can change this in myself! How funny that you used an incomplete sentence to complain about a grammar flaw. Yes, today marketers will say a title will be clicked on more if it is x characters and less. I’m primarily concerned with people who are still sticking to the old rule because they think it’s still a rule. It’s been fun, interesting, confusing and just plain weird at times while reading the subsequent comments. Dear all, The new rule IS one space after a period. I agree with you there. The irritation for me is that there is an increased sense of awareness at the end of a sentence when a double space has been utilized. What do you make of the iPhone and iPad shortcut to ending a sentence? Wrong: You always poo-poo new ideas. Yes, I do have a FB page; if you scroll up to the top of this page, you’ll see all my social media links in black boxes. If my kids don’t have a formal keyboarding class by the time they finish middle school, mama will be finding a way to homeschool it into them. I still think a larger space enhances readability. Go away. Single space is arbitrary and has nothing to do with typewriters or better aesthetics. They first had to learn about the basic principles of type design before they saw how amateurish their logo was. What you will see however are wide gaps in between words in order to justify text. Whether that page is front or back doesn’t matter. I will never stop doing what I was taught! “Once I realized – and truly understood – that all of these decisions are a matter of style and opinion, life became easier.” I’ll do it forever. I went back to college at the old age of 45, rules of English, APA flatting were still two spaces. My one question is. As an aside, I assume you are aware that there are, in fact, mono-spaced fonts in the computer world too. Kids who were taught to space twice or old souls would have a hard time in your class. Thank you Dax. If our typographical capabilities on the web were more advanced, we should be using half spaces, Similarly, typists weren’t using double spaces because it’s preferred, but because the use of half spaces wasn’t possible. (Is there a quick way to undo that?? As for typewriters, I never used them for anything but play. I’m glad you liked it. It is sometimes disconcerting to be called by my spouse’s name when I am the one calling. Continue to use single spaces if you must, but just be aware that you are stuck in a practice which has on balance demonstrably more negatives than benefits. Ironically enough, I find it most problematic online when reading html (which strips out double spaces), only partially because I am often scanning quickly online. It’s a nice change of pace to have a positive comment on this article. You might also say that we don’t “need” street signs to be designed differently because drivers are presumed to be able to read now (which they weren’t when the sign system were developed). When I learned the ‘rules’ I was told there were TWO rules: two spaces for ordinary writing, and ONE space for typesetting. We needed that extra space between sentences to make it easier to see the beginning of new sentences. The use of two spaces after end punctuation is still appropriate, like the Oxford comma, in some circumstances and not necessarily in others. I’m pretty saavy in WORD and understand headers, but for the life of me, I can seem to keep the name/chapter/page# all on the right as in the examples you use for title and content pages! The authority would be real-world typesetting guides, especially those that pre-date the typewriter. Go back and look at your post. If it’s so important to so many that we’re all single spacing in the new century, then why aren’t we using writing software that auto corrects double spacing? From my experience it’s definitely true that a lot of older people haven’t completely grown with the times, and often they don’t have to. When you have an increased sense of awareness of the typography when you’re reading it, something is wrong. No! I still can’t get over what a hot-button issue this is! Much appreciated. so made them cheaper. Thesis/Dissertation Reader Despite your claims to the contrary, the standard was to have a larger space between sentences than between words. (See what I did there?). Don’t skimp on cost here. For me, this is an accessibility issue. Those guidelines have now hardened into virtual rules within the industry. I wish I knew the brand/models, but I have seen this with my own 2 eyes. Eastern Michigan University. Help???). Thanks, Cowboy. I actually hate that HTML compresses two spaces into one, like in this reply I’m using the proper two spaces after a period but it’s probably going to display incorrectly as only one space. Click OK, OK. To remove you five spaces throughout your document, Click the Replace button on the Editing section of the Home Tab. you will. Hi Joe. I find it so much easier to read than that common Romans or Courier. Now to get motivated to fix all the corrections and suggestions. Space Invaders: Why you should never, ever use two spaces after a period. 3) Slate? And I love you for this comment! Everywhere I looked, I saw the two spaces and itched to close them up, just a little, like a hanging picture that’s just a little bit crooked. The text for this novel starts here. Some people thought it was pretty funny. Also over a long period of years. One of them was a student from Gerrit Noordzij, who is one of the master type designers of the Netherlands, so the man had a lot of insight into typography but couldn’t handle InDesign to actually do modern typography. It is how it is and will always be. Fun discussion. Next time I see a huge billboard with the possessive word KID’S, when the author really means KIDS’, I may scream! This is because each space can ordinarily be expanded by justifying, and so doubling spaces can lead to huge islands. This is already reinforced by the period, the space and then the use of a capital letter to denote a new sentence. So it seems it’s still more justified to cater to the ones who prefer a single space. There are in fact many finer points of language which are upheld by these people. “but you need to stop writing articles and essays about how people “need to stop using two spaces.” I write in MS Word. Now. Have you ever heard of the en-dash and em-dash? Many companies never learn, so they never see. You have an interesting viewpoint, but I don’t agree with it at all. So double-space your manuscript and separate sentences with a single space. Double spacing was deeply ingrained in my high school typing classes, and it wasn’t exactly fun adjusting to the times. I know I did: I remember sitting in a computer lab in 1998, going through my students’ papers, marking all the places where they needed to add an extra space after the period. “As shown by many of your comments, there was no reason to link age with the use of two spaces.” When you put a double space at the end of a line, the program automatically places a period in its appropriate spot and starts the next word with a capital. And if you’ve read my follow up post (see the link up there), you’ll see that this one prompted some deep thinking on my part. I used typewriters every day and never once heard of this. We should not support or encourage this anymore than we have to especially when it comes to teaching writing/grammar. When writing technical documents, nobody has ever complained that I am using two spaces after my sentences. Tables of contents pages are required for setting up an eBook. Pretty much every day. I cant’ seem to figure out how to make it all stay on the right in WORD. One finger space between words and two between sentences. http://www.heracliteanriver.com/?p=324 And: I really appreciate you stopping by to comment. The software is specifically set to insert a period if you quickly do 2 spaces at the end of a word! 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